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International Primary Care Association

Clinical Focus Volume 8 N3

Volume 8 Issue 3 - 2014


This article aims to provide a “bite-sized” guide to the aetiology, diagnosis and assessment, and initial management of TMDs. TMDs are a common musculoskeletal complaint often presenting as pain in the (oro)facial region. They have the potential to develop into a persistent pain condition and be conservatively managed initially.


Medically unexplained symptoms are common in primary care. They are heterogenous in nature and patients can present with comorbid physical and psychological conditions making assessment and treatment more challenging. In addition to being expensive due to frequent and inappropriate healthcare utilization, they can be emotionally draining for the clinician.


Uterine fibroids are common benign growths of muscle fibres. Their incidence increases with age and growth is linked to oestrogen and progesterone. Malignant transformation is infrequent. Presentation is usually in primary care. This article highlights the key aspects of uterine fibroids with a focus on primary care physicians.

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