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International Primary Care Association

Clinical Focus Volume 5 N3

Volume 5 Issue 3 - 2011


This article summarizes idiopathic headaches in childhood, differentiating the clinical characteristics from those of intracranial hypertension. There is a discussion on migraine treatment, the importance of environmental influences and the less well recognized risk posed by analgesic overuse leading to chronic refractory headaches.


Sexually acquired oncogenic Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types are important co-factors in the development of anogenital tract malignancies. HPV vaccines are a major primary prevention strategy against cervical cancer, other HPV-associated malignancies, cervical dysplasia and genital warts. Improving vaccination uptake is key to the future success of the HPV vaccination programme, and could potentially be achieved by involving GPs, sexual health services and providers in its delivery.


Type 2 diabetes is increasingly prevalent, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Studies have shown the benefit of tight glycaemic control in reducing complications, but with many conventional treatments this can result in weight gain and hypoglycaemia. Newer treatments may lessen these problems, but evidence of their long term efficacy is lacking.


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