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International Primary Care Association

Volume 10 Issue 2 - 2016


Heart failure (HF) is predominantly a disease of the elderly. The mainstay of treatment is pharmacological, although the scope of device therapy has widened in recent years. Standard heart failure therapy has been shown to improve prognosis and symptoms in the elderly, although under-treatment of this group remains a challenge. However, HF remains a disease with a poor prognosis, and end of life care planning should be considered early in the patient pathway. Key to management is a multidisciplinary approach, with both specialist and generalist input that coordinates care across primary and secondary settings.


The aetiology of Parkinson’s Disease is discussed and the differential diagnosis and specific diagnostic criteria. The non motor symptoms of PD are highlighted and how to manage them.


With the increasing burden of musculoskeletal disease, and an ageing population in the community, an up-to-date summary of how to manage the commonest of these conditions is required to aid primary care physicians. With focus on the inflamed hot joint and giant cell arteritis. This review highlights the necessary features that can help to unpick these potentially complex conditions.

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International Primary Care Association
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